Austria is the Latinized title of Austria. It initially solely referred to at the moment’s Decrease Austria, later the complete Habsburg monarchy and, within the Spanish kind Casa de Austria, its ruling dynasty. It serves as a translation for “Austria” in numerous languages and can be used as a model time period to create a reference to Austria.
The allegory of Austria, a logo of the Austrian state, is represented as a feminine determine with a mural crown in her hair and a spear in her hand, leaning on a coat of arms.
phrase origin and historical past
The title Austria is mentioned for the primary time in a doc written in Latin by King Konrad III. dated February 25, 1147, which is stored at the moment within the Klosterneuburg monastery of the Augustinian canons. It speaks of products that got away by the Austrie marchionibus, the Margraves of Austria (Marchiones Austriae).
Nonetheless, the title doesn’t return to the Latin, however to the proto-Germanic language. The Outdated Excessive German *austar- means one thing like “to the east” or “within the east”, and the Outdated Icelandic Edda calls the legendary dwarf of the east Austri. Carefully associated to the phrase Austria are the names Austrasia and Austrien for the dominion of East Francia and the East. The basis ôstar- can be recognizable within the older title Ostarrîchi. In Icelandic, Austria continues to be known as Austurríki (pronounced with an preliminary “Ö”, [ˈøistʏrˈriːcɪ]). The resemblance to the Latin oyster for “south wind” and terra australis for the “southern nation” of Australia is coincidental.
Because the Center Ages, the archduchy of Austria has been generally known as Austria and the (arch) duke of Austria as (archi-) dux Austriae. Because the fifteenth century, the time period domus Austriae, first documented in 1326, has been used for the complete Home of Austria, however its Spanish translation Casa de Austria within the narrower sense just for the Spanish line of the Habsburgs. Austria has been generally known as the nationwide allegory of Austria within the visible arts for the reason that 18th century.
Carrying the title of the republic in firm names
Using the phrase Austria in firm names (firm) or different establishments is simply permitted with federal approval. Part 16 Z2 of the German Business Code states “The corporate should not include any info that’s prone to mislead about enterprise relationships which might be important for the target market.” This precept was utilized in relation to the title suffixes Austria, austro – but additionally Austria, Austrian and the names of different regional authorities, akin to Styrian, Vienna – interpreted in such a method that they “[are] solely permissible if it’s a firm of above-average significance or merchandise of sometimes Austrian character or of considerably greater high quality are manufactured.” The identical applies to golf equipment and different associations.